~Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a virus specific to the cat family. It is similar to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus, the cause of AIDS in people) in that it attacks and weakens the immune system and there is no cure. IT CAN NOT BE TRANSMITTED TO HUMANS!
How do you properly care for a FIV+ cat?
~By ensuring it has a healthy lifestyle and is fed a high-quality diet, combined with regular examinations (including blood and urine tests) to monitor immune status. Any infections should be treated promptly and aggressively. Avoid feeding any FIV+ cat a raw diet, as the pathogens that may be found in these foods may make your immune-compromised cat ill. Likewise, parasite control may be recommended for your cat in order to make sure they stay as healthy as possible.
What is the life expectancy of a FIV+ cat?
~Cats with FIV often have similar life spans to cats without it: Studies conducted in 2010 and 2022 found that an FIV diagnosis wasn't associated with decreased lifespans. In fact, cats can remain asymptomatic for years or even their entire lives.
I have other cats that are FIV negative, would they be safe with an FIV+ cat?
~Thanks to Dr. Litster's study, there's solid proof that FIV-positive cats can't spread FIV through casual contact alone. That means normal day-to-day activities such as playing, grooming, and sharing toys, beddings, litter boxes, or food and water bowls won't get any non-FIV cats infected. FIV is transmitted through salivia, mainly severe bite wounds, and FIV-positive and -negative cats can live together as long as all cats are spayed or neutered, remain indoors and interact peacefully.